Function words join together content words. Function words do not themselves carry much meaning, and are generally not noticed. However, they are used at a very high rate, and can tell us things about their user that content words can not.
|Subject Pronoun||Object Pronoun||Possessive Adjectives||Possessive Pronoun||Reflexive Pronoun|
The word a (which becomes an when the next word begins with a vowel - a, e, i, o, u) is called the indefinite article because the noun it goes with is indefinite or general.
The word the is called the definite article because it indicates a specific thing.
e.g. The difference between the sentences I sat on a chair and I sat on the chair is that the second sentence refers to a specific (definite) chair, not just any (indefinite) chair.
A preposition is a word used to link nouns, pronouns, or phrases to other words within a sentence. Prepositions are usually short words, and they are normally placed directly in front of nouns.
Prepositions show a relationship in space or time or a logical relationship between two or more people, places or things.
There are about 150 prepositions in the English language.
Adverbs describe a verb, an adjective or another adverb. They tell us how, where, when, why and with what frequency. For example:
For example: every, really